As we all know March 2023 is coming. This means financial year 2022-23 is about to end. Everyone looks for tax planning to save tax.  Here we will talk about ways to save tax for salaried people.

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1. Standard Deduction 16(1): The standard deduction is allowed from gross salary. It is available to all class of employees. Standard Deduction is also available to pensioners. Amount of Standard Deduction is Rs. 50,000 or amount of salary/pension, whichever is lower.

2. House Rent Allowance 10(13A):  Every salaried employee who is in receipt of HRA and who resides in a rental accommodation may avail the benefit of exemption under this section provided he/she does not own any residential accommodation occupied by him. Amount of Exemption

Exemption in respect of House Rent Allowance is regulated by rule 2A. The least of the following is exempt from tax:

  • In Major Cities, Allowance received Rent paid in excess of 10 per cent of salary 50 per cent of salary.
  • In Other Cities, Allowance received Rent paid in excess of 10 per cent of salary 40 per cent of salary.

The place where the residential house is situated is divided into:

  • Major Cities, i.e., Mumbai, Delhi, Calcutta, Chennai
    •  Other Cities

For computing HRA calculation, Salary means basic salary and includes dearness allowance, if the terms of employment so provide. Salary shall not include other allowances & perquisites.

3. Interest on borrowed capital 24(b): Interest paid on the capital borrowed for the purpose of purchase, construction, renovation, repair, renewal or reconstruction of the property. In case of let out property, there is no limit on the quantum of interest which can be claimed as deduction under section 24(b). However in case of a self-occupied property, limit is Rs. 2, 00,000.

4. Section 80C:

Following are the Investments eligible for deductions under this section:

1. Life Insurance Premium: Life insurance policy should be taken on his own life, life of the spouse or any child. Child may be dependent/independent, male/female, minor/major or married/unmarried.

 2. Public Provident Fund: PPF account can open in his own name or in the name of minor of whom he is guardian. A HUF cannot open a PPF account.

3. Unit Linked Insurance Plans: ULIP can be taken on his own life or spouse or any child. In case of HUF, ULIP can be taken on the life of any member of the family.

4. National Saving Certificates: National Savings Certificate is a fixed income investment scheme that you can open with any post office.

 5. Fixed Deposit: Investment in fixed deposits are eligible for tax deduction under section 80C but here lock in period is 5 year.

 6. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana: The Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY) is as girl child prosperity scheme. SSY account is to ensure a bright future for girl children in India. This yojana is to facilitate them proper education and care free marriage expenses. Legal guardian or parents of a girl child can open SSY Account under this scheme anytime at the time of birth of the child till she attains an age of ten years.

7. Repayment of Housing Loan: The principal portion of the EMI paid for the year is allowed as a deduction. The maximum amount that can be claimed is up to Rs 1.5 lakh.

 8. Tuition Fees: Any sum paid as tuition fees whether at the time of admission or otherwise to any university/college/educational institution in India for full time education of any two children of an individual.

 The maximum amount deductible under section 80C is Rs. 1, 50,000

5. Section 80CCD(1B): National Pension Scheme Section 80CCD (1B) provides additional deduction in respect of any amount paid up to Rs. 50,000 towards NPS.

6. Section 80D: Medical Insurance Individual can claim a deduction of Rs. 25,000 under section 80D for medical insurance for self, spouse and dependent children. An additional deduction for insurance of parents is available up to Rs. 25,000, if they are less than 60 years of age. If the parents are aged above 60, the deduction amount is Rs. 50,000.

Payment of medical insurance should be made by any mode other than cash. Medical expenditure on the health of a person who is a senior citizen and medical insurance premium is not paid on the health of such person.

Senior citizen is a resident individual who is at least 60 years of age at any time during the previous year.

Maximum amount of medical expenditure available for deduction under section 80D is Rs. 50,000. Overall maximum amount of deduction under section 80D is Rs. 1, 00,000.

7. Section 80TTB: Interest on Deposits in Case of Senior Citizens Any senior citizen can claim a deduction of Rs. 50,000 or the interest earned, whichever is lower. Interest on deposits with a bank/co-operative bank/post office. It may be interest on fixed deposits, interest on savings account or any other interest.

First you have to show interest income in Other Income after that you can claim this deduction.

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